The Clumber Spaniel is also one of the oldest, dating to the late 1700s. Although it is not known where the breed came from, it is likely that the old heavy-headed Alpine Spaniel and low-bodied Basset Hound played prominent roles in its development. The breed did not get its name until around 1790, when it is believed that French revolution occur. The Clumber received its name in the early 1800s after it was brought to England by Duc de Noailles of France, who lived at Clumber.

The origin of the Clumber Spaniel is uncertain. Two theories exist: one is that they were first bred by a Duke of Newcastle and the other by an individual named Clumberg, hence their name. However, there are two documented Clumber Spaniels from as early as 1817 and 1835, which would contradict the first theory. These dogs were mainly kept by various members of the British Royal Family.

The Clumber Spaniel is a breed of dog developed in the United Kingdom. It is the largest spaniel, and comes in white with either lemon or orange markings. The name of the breed comes from Clumber Park in Nottinghamshire where it was first bred.

Until the mid-19th century, breeding of Clumber Spaniels was mostly restricted to nobility. During World War I, breeding was halted entirely, which led to a record low number of dogs. In 1925 King George V re-developed a line of Clumbers in the Royal Kennel and were used in the fields in the Sandringham Estate.


Physical Appearance

The Clumber Spaniel is a large dog with a thick coat that is flat and long. It has a rectangular body shape with short legs. The head is triangular in shape, the eyes are oval shaped, ears erect, and the tail hangs down.  Its large skull is heavy between the ears and it has powerful hindquarters.

Clumber with a good physical appearance

Originally bred in England, the Clumber was a favorite of 19th century royalty. The breed stands about 17 to 20 inches tall and weighs between 55 and 85 pounds. A small female Clumber might weigh 55 pounds, while a large male could go up to 85 pounds. These dogs were bred for hunting in dense cover, so they have a muscular body that gives them easy movement.

The Clumber Spaniel has a range of common issues. One is freckles on its muzzle and front legs, which are the result of pigment cells. Its coat is dense, weather-resistant, straight, and flat with feathering around the ears, belly and legs. Its coat can be white with orange markings around the eyes or brown markings and at the base of their tail.


The Clumber is a dog breed that is known for its amiable temper and good nature. However, they can create quite a mess as they shed and drool. The Clumber will be most at home in the city with low-key behavior, but it does need exercise and affection from its owner.  This breed is unsuitable for city life, because he needs room to run around and play. The Clumber makes an excellent pet for those who have the time to spend on training him properly. Drooling and snoring are common traits of the breed.

Clumber displaying its behaviour

Training and Caring

Clumbers are smart, eager-to-please dogs who respond well to training. Though wary around strangers, they’re friendly and bark only when they have something to say. They love swimming and fetching, and make indifferent watchdogs. They will benefit from long walks, taking occasional breaks to sniff around.

Clumber ready for training and caring inside water

The Clumber Spaniel’s coat needs brushing two to three times a week, but it may need more frequent bathing in order to keep his coat gleaming white.


Clumbers are generally a healthy breed, although they sometimes suffer from hypothyroidism and entropion or ectropion. Hip dysplasia also occurs in the breed. • In general, Clumbers have a lifespan of 10 to 12 years.

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