Diabetes in dogs- Diabetes mellitus is a disease that affects how much glucose, or sugar, is in your dog’s blood. Diabetes in dogs develops when your dog’s body produces insufficient insulin, stops generating it entirely, or has an aberrant insulin reaction. Diabetes is a chronic disease that can affect people, dogs, cats, and other animals.

Although diabetes cannot be cured, it can be effectively managed. While in heat or pregnant, female dogs might develop transient insulin resistance. Diabetes mellitus, often known as sugar diabetes, is the most common kind of diabetes in dogs. It’s a metabolic problem.

A dog with glucometer to check for diabetes in dogs

Dogs that are prone to Diabetes in dogs disease

Breeds differ in vulnerability among purebreds, with some having a very low risk and others having a larger risk. Miniature Poodles, Bichons Frises, Pugs, Dachshunds, Miniature Schnauzers, Puli, Samoyeds, Keeshonds, Australian Terriers, Fox Terriers, Cairn Terriers, and Beagles are among the breeds that may be more susceptible.

There are two types of diabetes in dogs:

  • Insulin deficiency diabetes (Type 1) — When the dog’s body does not produce enough insulin, this is known as insulin deficiency diabetes. When the pancreas is injured or not working properly, this occurs. Dogs with this kind of diabetes require daily injections to restore the insulin they are missing. In dogs, this is the most frequent kind of diabetes. It occurs when the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas are damaged.
  • Insulin-resistance diabetes (Type 2)—This occurs when the pancreas produces some insulin but the dog’s body does not use it properly. Because the cells aren’t reacting to the “message” of insulin, glucose isn’t being drawn from the blood and into the cells. This kind of diabetes is more common in older, overweight dogs. When other hormones in the body hinder insulin from working properly, diabetes develops. Excess body fat can create these harmful hormones, which is why overweight people are more likely to develop Type 2 diabetes.

Symptoms of Diabetes in dogs

  • Excessive thirst
  • Increased urination
  • Weight loss
  • Increased appetite
  • Loss of appetite
  • Lack of energy
  • Depressed attitude
  • Vomiting
  • Recurrent infections
  • Weakness
  • Poor coat quality
  • Cataracts
  • Seizures

Risk Factors

The following can be the risk factors for Diabetes in dogs

  • Genetics. Diabetes can affect any breed or mix-breed dog, and heredity appears to have a role in increased or decreased risk.
  •  Age. Diabetes can affect dogs of any age, but it is more common in middle-aged and elderly canines. The majority of dogs who develop it are 5 years old or older when they are diagnosed.
  •  Gender. Female dogs who have not been spayed are twice as likely to develop diabetes as male canines.
  •  Pancreatitis that is chronic or recurrent. Pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas) that is chronic or recurrent can eventually cause substantial damage to the organ, leading to diabetes.
  •  Obesity. Obesity increases insulin resistance and increases the risk of pancreatitis, which can lead to diabetes.
  •  Medications containing steroids When used over an extended period of time, these can lead to diabetes.
  • Cushing’s syndrome. Cushing’s disease is caused by the body’s overproduction of steroids, which can lead to diabetes.
  • Autoimmune disease. Some autoimmune illnesses and viral infections have also been linked to the development of diabetes.

Diagnosis of diabetes in dogs

Diabetes in dogs affecting the sleeping dog

Simple tests, such as checking for excessive glucose (sugar) in the blood and urine, can be performed by your veterinarian to rule out diabetes. Other diabetes symptoms, such as increased liver enzymes and electrolyte imbalances, can be detected through blood tests.

Treatment of diabetes in dogs

Diabetes in dogs is normally well-managed and does not result in problems. You will take the key role in your dog’s care, from giving injections to testing glucose levels on a regular basis, and your commitment to keeping up with his daily vaccinations and monitoring is crucial. Your veterinarian will collaborate with you to come up with the optimal management strategy for your dog.

A dog undergoing test for diabetes

This may require frequent visits to the clinic for testing and medication adjustments at the beginning of treatment, but hopefully, the right combination of medication, dosage, diet, and home monitoring will be found soon, allowing you to keep your dog’s blood sugar consistent and help him live a normal.

Your veterinarian’s diabetes treatment plan for your dog will most likely contain advice on:

  • Dietary changes for your dog
  • Insulin prescription for your dog and how to administer injections
  • Moderate exercise suggestions
  • A daily glucose-monitoring system tailored to your dog’s needs


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