Dogs can suffer from a variety of ear problems. Ear diseases are usually common, but other issues such as injuries or deafness can occur as well. The majority of ear problems result in itchiness or pain in the ears. It’s possible that there’ll be redness, odor, or discharge. When a dog’s ears are bothering them, they will shake their heads or tilt their heads.
The external ear canal of a dog is longer and more vertical than that of a human, making it simpler for anything like water to enter and stay in the ear canal. Furthermore, because a dog’s ear canal is lined with skin and contains glands and hair follicles, it is susceptible to the same irritants that affect its paws, legs, rear, and face.
Common Types of Ear Problem in Dogs
- Ear Mites
They are tiny parasitic organisms that suck on their hosts’ bloodstream. They are transmissible between animals but not between humans. It only takes a few ear mite bites to cause ear canal itching and inflammation. The ear can become red and produce debris in a short period of time. A subsequent ear infection may result as a result of this.
If your veterinarian detects ear mites, an ear swab is performed initially, followed by microscopic analysis to look for mites or their eggs. They are usually treated with a topical treatment that your veterinarian can prescribe.
- Foreign Object
Foreign things being trapped in a dog’s ear canal are quite uncommon. According to Gotthelf, only a small percentage of canine ear problems are caused by foreign things, and when they are, the particles are minuscules, such as plant debris, a fly, or dried ear medicine.
Cotton swabs should never be used in your dog’s ear since they might aggravate the condition by breaking within the ear canal, rupturing the eardrum, or forcing the foreign item or wax farther into the ear canal and against the eardrum. Bring your dog to your veterinarian for a complete check if you feel he has an ear condition or something lodged in his ear.
Inflammation of the ear canals is a common symptom of allergic skin illnesses in dogs. This category of illnesses causes recurring or relapsing ear disease in children as young as six months to three years old. In some circumstances, ear illness is the only symptom of a dog’s sensitivities to environmental or food chemicals. Allergic illness is fairly frequent in dogs.
Depending on the situation, these allergies can also be airborne or dietary allergies. A novel protein diet or a hydrolyzed diet, which neutralizes allergens by shrinking the protein source in a specific food so that the dog’s body no longer recognizes them, are two dietary treatments for food allergies. The skin allergy can be treated with topical ointment too.
Infections are perhaps the most prevalent trigger of ear problems in dogs, particularly in those with long ears. Otitis externa is an ear infection that refers to inflammation of the external ear canal. Overgrowth of yeast and/or bacteria is the most common cause of ear infections. This proliferation may occur as a result of ear inflammation brought on by allergies or ear discomfort.
Dogs can get ear infections in one or both ears. Itching and scratching, head shaking, bad odor, redness and swelling of the ears, and extra dirt or secretion in the ear canal are all symptoms. Without medical treatment, most ear infections will worsen, resulting in irreversible pathological changes and perhaps even hearing loss.
Diagnosis of Ear Problem in Dogs
Swabs from the depths of the canals are frequently obtained to examine if the ear is infected with bacteria or yeast species. These microorganisms, which are typically found in the ear canal in normal circumstances, frequently become a problem when ear illness has been induced by something else. Once an infection has been established, it must be treated.
Ear problems should be diagnosed by a veterinarian because it necessitates the use of an otoscope to check the ear. This enables for a thorough examination of the ear canal, which often leads to the identification of the cause, such as parasites or a foreign body.
In conclusion, ear problem in dogs is a frequent condition that affects many dogs at some point during their lives. Despite the fact that there are a variety of causes, thorough identification and treatment can result in a very positive outcome. Ear cleaning solutions are sometimes used to break up waxy debris and restore normalcy to the ear canal.