Heatstroke in cats- Heatstroke is a life-threatening illness that can strike any animal. Heatstroke is less prevalent in cats since they are less likely to be stuck in hot regions, but if they are unable to flee the high temperatures, they may develop heatstroke.

Heatstroke in cats happens when the body’s temperature rises to dangerously high levels. Heat exhaustion and heatstroke can occur if the increase in body temperature is induced by a hot environment. Heat exhaustion occurs when the body exhibits early indicators of stress as a result of high temperatures. Heat exhaustion leads to heatstroke when a cat’s thermoregulatory system fails and his core body temperature rises above 105 degrees Fahrenheit. The average temperature of a cat is 100.4–102.5 degrees Fahrenheit.

Heatstroke in cats- The cat is receiving fresh air
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If the cat is not evacuated from the hot place, the cat’s body temperature rises too high for the body to cool itself, and heatstroke develops quickly. This causes harm to the body’s organs and cells, which can quickly lead to death. Cats are no more tolerant of heat than humans. To get rid of extra heat, cats simply pant or sweat through their footpads. As the body temperature rises, the cat will suffer heat exhaustion and finally heat stroke.

Causes of Heatstroke in Cats

The coat of a cat provides some heat protection, but only to a certain level. If a cat becomes dangerously heated, the body cannot cool down quickly enough to avoid overheating. Hyperthermia can be caused by excessive stress, worry, or activity. Because they are less capable of controlling their temperatures than healthy adult cats, kittens, elders, and sick cats are more prone to heatstroke.

Short-nosed cats, such as Persians, have weakened airways and are more susceptible to heat. Cats that are overweight or obese are more likely to overheat. High-risk cats must be kept in temperature-controlled indoor environments. Heatstroke will develop if the ambient temperature is too high, with or without too much humidity, and you don’t have access to a cool shaded place or water.

Symptoms of Heatstroke in Cats

The following are examples of  heatstroke in cats symptoms:

  • High heart rate and respiratory rate
  • Diarrhea
  • Body temperature beyond 105 degrees F
  • Drooling
  • Vomiting
  • Discolored gums
  • Abdominal pain
  • Anxiety or restlessness
  • Lethargy
  • Dizziness
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Sweaty paws
  • Tremor
  •  Seizure

Diagnosis of Heatstroke in Cats

Heatstroke in cats- The cat is receiving treatment
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Heatstroke in cats- A high rectal temperature (above 105° F) combined with a history of being in a hot environment and symptoms similar to those described above is used to diagnose heat exhaustion or heat stroke. Your veterinarian will examine your cat to ensure that the temperature is not caused by infection.

Treatment

Heatstroke in cats- Cooling down an overheated cat requires caution. Some cats may tolerate a gentle water spray during the cooling-off time, particularly if they’re in front of a fan or air conditioner, however, others may be more stressed. Also, don’t use ice, ice water, or ice packs to keep your cat cool, and don’t make him drink water.

In addition to the cool water and ice already mentioned, the veterinarian will insert an intravenous (IV) line into your cat to administer cool fluids directly. This will not only assist to lower your cat’s temperature, but it will also help to alleviate the effects of shock and reduce the risk of organ damage caused by a high body temperature.

Heatstroke in cats
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Even if your cat appears to be back to normal, take him to the vet as soon as possible for an examination. Lab tests may be required by your veterinarian to check for harm to the body’s interior organs and cells. Rehydrating your cat, regulating body temperature, and attempting to repair internal damage may require more treatment.

Prevention of Heatstroke in Cats

It’s best to keep them secure inside and postpone stressful excursions to the groomer or veterinarian until the weather cools down. Ensure that your cat has constant access to cool, shady areas as well as lots of water. Never leave her alone in a car or anywhere else where she can’t get out of the sun or heat. On extremely hot days, keep her inside.

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