Hematuria in dogs – Hematuria is a medical term for the presence of blood in the urine. Blood in the urine is a symptom that can indicate a number of serious underlying conditions. Hematuria is a condition in which blood is passed via the urine and can signal a significant underlying ailment. Blood in your dog’s urine is usually caused by inflammation or infection in the urinary tract, which can involve both the upper and lower urinary tract.

Hematuria in dogs can happen at any age, although the cause is often determined by the dog’s age. For example, dogs can have familial hematuria, which means blood in the urine is passed down down the generations, and this is the most prevalent cause of blood in the urine in young dogs. However, cancer is the most common cause of blood in an older dog’s pee. Another factor to consider is gender, as blood in the urine might be caused by a urinary tract infection, which is more common in girls than in males.

Hematuria in dogs- The brown dog having blood in its urine

Causes of Hematuria in dogs

  • Urinary Tract Infection – Blood in the urine is a common symptom of a urinary tract infection (UTI). This is generally followed by additional signs and symptoms.
  • Prostate – A prostatic ailment might cause blood in your male dog’s pee. If your dog has a prostatic disease, he will most likely experience strained urination, a reduced urine stream, and trouble passing bowel movements, among other symptoms.
  • Estrus – When a female dog is in heat, she will bleed. While the blood is not in the urine because it comes from the same region, dog owners may mistake estrus blood for pee blood.
  •  Bladder or Kidney Infection – A bladder infection, kidney infection, or infection of the prostate or urethra can all cause blood in your dog’s pee.
  • Tumors – Cancerous and non-cancerous tumors in dogs can result in blood in their urine.
  • Stones – Kidney or bladder stones can cause hematuria because they put a pressure on these organs.
  •  Poisoning – Blood in your dog’s pee could indicate that he’s consumed a poisonous chemical. Other symptoms such as tiredness, coughing, exercise intolerance, enlarged abdomen, and difficulty breathing will generally accompany the primary complaint.
  • Physical trauma – Blood in your dog’s pee might be caused by physical trauma.

Symptoms of Hematuria in dogs

Hematuria in dogs- The presence of blood in the urine is a symptom of hematuria. Urine will be reddened, with or without abnormally frequent urine passage. During a physical examination, a mass in a cancer patient may be palpated. During a physical examination, an enlarged and/or uncomfortable prostate gland in male canines may be felt, as well as abdominal pain in some cases.

Hematuria in dogs- The brown dog passing blood in its urine

Subdermal skin hemorrhages, also known as petechiae and ecchymoses, might show as bruises in patients with a blood-clotting problem. Round, purplish, non-raised areas of skin will show these discolored spots.

Diagnosis of Hematuria in dogs

Hematuria in dogs- It’s critical to provide a detailed health history for your dog, including a list of indications and symptoms. This information can help your veterinarian figure out what’s causing the blood in your dog’s pee, as well as diagnose and treat the problem. The veterinarian will perform a thorough physical examination, checking for any potential anomalies like edema, discomfort, or growths.

A complete blood count will be utilized to detect aberrant red, white, and platelet levels, as well as a chemical blood profile to detect levels of calcium, phosphorous, potassium, nitrogenous waste products, albumin, and liver enzymes.

Urinalysis will be an important diagnostic technique. The pH of your dog’s urine will be checked, as well as the presence of red blood cells, hemoglobin, protein, and glucose levels. The urine will be analyzed under a microscope if a high concentration of minerals is discovered, which could indicate crystals or stones. It’s possible that a vaginoscopy or cystoscopy is required.

Hematuria in dogs- The brown dog passing blood in its urine

Treatment of Hematuria in dogs

Because hematuria in dogs can signal a significant underlying disease, treatment will be determined by the primary or associated diseases that are present. Once your dog has been stabilized, treatment will be varied and tailored to the underlying cause of the blood in his pee. If your dog’s red blood cell count is dangerously low, stabilization may require intravenous fluids to address dehydration and/or a blood transfusion.

Most veterinarians prescribe anti-inflammatory or pain medication to help your dog feel better, and if your dog has urine crystals or bladder stones, they may also recommend a diet change. Certain prescription diets help prevent stone formation and optimize urine pH, which is an important aspect of addressing urinary tract disorders in dogs.

Hematuria in dogs is usually caused by inflammation or infection in the urinary tract, which can involve both the upper and lower urinary tract. To rule out any major medical conditions, consult a veterinarian or an emergency veterinarian as soon as possible.


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