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Catfish are also known as Siluriformes have different species such as flathead catfish, blue catfish, channel catfish, Heteroclarias, Clarias spp, and many more up to over 300 species. Catfish Business is an easy and flexible agriculture-based business that can also be profitable.

Catfish are considered to be freshwater species and they are found in the coastal world regions. They are easy to rear especially in the climatic region that is warm.

Catfish are carnivorous that feeds on insects, worms, newts, and others. They may also serve as prey to bigger mammals, reptiles, fishes, etc. depending on the size of both the prey and the predator.

Catfish can spawn up to 100 eggs at a time which later hatch within a period of one week. Female catfish lay their egg close to the surface of the water which is safe from other aquatic animals dwelling at the bottom of the water.

Catfish are a source of protein as well as a healthy and delicious source of seafood. Catfish Business is an easy and flexible agriculture-based business that can also be profitable.

Catfish Business can be done anywhere if you have a suitable place and you can either take care of the protein needs of your own family or sell it to make more profit.

The type of catfish you want to grow depends on what your target market is, what your feeding plans are, and what size pond and area you are thinking about setting up your farm on.

The pond can be an earthen pond, concrete pond, or plastic container that you can use to start at your backyard depending on your capability.

Steps to Consider when Starting Catfish Business

Type of species

Decision on what species of catfish you want to grow depends on the size of your pond, farm, and the target market. If you want to start a large catfish farm; Catfish Business, you must have a large amount of capital. However, a small farm for Catfish Business will need fewer amounts of land and smaller capital. If you want to start small, you might begin with a small pond or you can start from a pond that you already have.

A larger pond will yield more profit per pond and can grow larger fish. A catfish pond must have a smooth bottom, be clean, and have a gradual slope. Catfish ponds must have 20%-30% clay in the soil by weight to minimize seepage. You should allow excess water to drain out of the pond. Make sure that your spillways allow 1-2 inches of water to run off at a time.

Your pond depth should be 3 feet at the shallow end and 8 feet at the deep end. Too shallow of a pond may encourage weed growth.

Feeds and water for your catfish

your catfish must be properly fed and your feed should contain proper nutrients which have methionine, arginine, and lysine. Increase your catfish feed as they grow so that they will not be malnourished. Been freshwater water animal, poor water can kill your catfish. Your source of water should be from borehole and rainwater which are the best source.

Diseases

Catfish can also be infected like other animals, you must be on a watch out. When you observe any symptoms like an open sore, loss of colour, the red colour on the body, inactivity, not breathing well etc all these signs show that all is not well with your fish. This disease can be a fungal, parasitic, or bacterial infection. Disease outbreaks can lead to the loss of your catfish.

A collection of catfish

Marketing

To start your marketing plan, determine what type of catfish you will focus on. If you decide to keep your catfish operation smaller, try targeting direct local customers in your area. Start with your relatives, friends, and family. Many customers are interested in buying fresh fish directly from the farm instead of buying frozen and packaged fish. Under very good conditions, Catfish Business is prominent to be very profitable technology-driven using mechanics.

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Quite a number of pets are left on the streets weekly. And this happens all over the globe. Many of these abandoned animals die and some are taken to shelters while very few are adopted by people

Abandoning a pet is practically the same as killing it because it’s not very sure that the animal will find their way back home, sometimes they ended up on the street or in a shelter along with hundreds of other abandoned animals in the same unpalatable situation they found themselves.

In some parts of the world, abandoned pets were killed. Methods like electrocution, gas, incineration, and poisoning were employed to dispose of these animals.

People abandon or drop pets off at shelters/rescues because they don’t have the time or are too lazy to go through the proper re-homing process. There are numbers of reasons why people abandon their pets which leads to the number of pets on the street.

Reasons for Pets Abandonment?

1. Owner’s income

Keeping animal health can be very expensive since the prices of food and healthcare are high. Therefore if a pet owner is unemployed or in debt, they may abandon their pet. One of the main reasons people give up their pets is because of a low income, or living in communities with higher poverty rates Having a low income obviously means people may face challenges providing for themselves, their family, but then also paying for pet food, vet bills and other pet-related expenses such as pet boarding when the owner has to leave home for a period of time.

2.     Behavioral Issues

A destructive, dangerous, disobedient, or unstable pet is more likely to be abandoned than a calm, obedient, and harmless one. But usually, when the animal is not the “perfect” pet, it’s simply a lack of training and patience. It can also be because the owner isn’t giving proper rules for behavior throughout a pet’s life. These behavioral issues can include chewing on furniture and house items, going to the toilet inside, barking, jumping the fence/escaping the yard, and so on.

3.     Owners Relocate

Relocating from a house to another house or place may cause some individuals to abandon their pets, especially if they are large pets. The owner may have to move house or even move countries.

In this situation, the owner may not want to take their pets with them.

4. Old Age

You’re likely to find older pets abandoned than the babies this may be because of their age, they seem no longer fun and cute and they need extra care and attention. Once the owner cannot cope with this, the pets are abandoning.

 

5.     Illness or Death of the owner

Many times, when an older person dies or is hospitalized, the family members don’t know what to do with their pets. A lot of times they decide to leave the pet to die, even if they have been with the family for many years.

And obviously, if the owner passes away and there is no one else immediately to care for the animal, they will have to be given up.

6.     Unwanted Litters

Not spaying a female dog is a big problem.  Once people have one or two pets, they might not want anymore, or simply can’t care for anymore – so they have to give up the litter. When the puppies come people may not know what to do with them. Instead of giving them up for adoption, some decide to abandon the puppies along with their mother.

7.     No longer Profitable

Many people use pets as a money-making venture, whether in races, fights, or breeding. This makes the animal a source of substantial income. When the pets get old, sick, or can no longer reproduce, they’re abandoned on the street.

8.     Travel or Vacation

Whenever people travel or go on a vacation and didn’t go with their pets, the pets will be abandon simply because they don’t want to take their pets along or leave them with a family member. Instead, they decide to abandon them.

How to tame dogs and make them our companions. The dog can be the best companion a human being can ever have but this love can go sour when the dog doesn’t know how to obey the owner.

Taming a dog is by establishing your dominance on the dog and it’s possible to do so on dogs. one of the advantages of taming them is to help in hunting, security purposes e.t.c.

Taming means that the animal tolerates not only human closeness but petting also. Animals are tamed in order to reduce their dominance over humans.
Dogs are thought to evolve from wolves about 20,000 to 40,000 years ago. Those wolves are less aggressive and would have been more successful at this.

How can we tame our Dogs?

Give your dog attention regularly: Your own behaviour can influence your dog. if you are running around the house, talking loudly and shouting regularly, your dog will mimic this attitude. Give your dog attention and they will follow your footstep, this will help in taming the dog.

Teach them a simple command: Teaching your dog the most basic, simple command is a way to start taming dogs and make them become our best companions. Start from the basic level before proceeding to the complex stages.
Performing daily routine: Establishing a routine like going for a walk, feeding, bathing will in obeying owners command. This action will teach your dog that you are responsible for its basic needs.
Exercise: Getting enough exercise will reduce bad behaviour in dogs because lack of exercise makes them have lots of energy which can make them be acting violently.

dog looking at the playing object
Concept of training pets, domestic dogs being smart and educated

Removing boredom: Just like a human being, dogs need to play so as to avoid depression or anxiety, to avoid restlessness they need to use their muscle. Don’t force your dog to endure boredom.
Ignore their poor behaviour: Don’t punish your dog for poor behaviour this can lead to anxiety rather focus on good behaviour your dog has, avoid harsh treatment or correction.