Bathing your dog on a regular basis is an important aspect of maintaining his grooming and hygiene. Baths, of course, aid in the removal of visible dirt that your dog has accumulated during enjoyable walks and romps through natural settings. Bathing your dog’s coat not only keeps it clean but also keeps it healthy and parasite-free.

Whether your dog enjoys showers or is constantly apprehensive about the notion, you’ll want to put some precautions in place to ensure bath time is safe and secure. If your dog can’t sit still during a bath or you can’t confine them with your hand, make sure you have a place to tether them if necessary to prevent them from escaping mid-bath.

A dog bathing inside a sink

Some dogs may simply despise bathing. It could feel like a sparring session, or it could be so dirty and momentous that you give up. Whether this is the scenario, it’s best to take your dog to the grooming. Certain breeds with lengthy hair that has to be clipped on a regular basis should be groomed by a skilled groomer. Continue to attempt and arm yourself with dog goodies if you’re determined to offer at-home baths.

 Bathing isn’t required for everyone at the same time. You’ll need to figure out where your dog should be bathed. “Consider the size and breed of your dog as a starting point to guarantee you have space and to best select whether to bathe your dog indoors or outside,” says the author.

Steps to Follow in Bathing your Dogs

Before you begin bathing your dog, make sure he is clean. Remove any tangles or mats, as they will be more difficult to deal with after your dog is wet. Then, for each eye, apply a strip of artificial tears ointment or a few drops of mineral oil. This will assist to keep shampoo out of your eyes. Although many dogs’ coats are water-resistant, prolonged soaking is usually required to permeate the hair.

 Make sure to keep your hands away from your eyes and the insides of your ears. Your dog will naturally try to shake off the water. Keeping your hand on top of your dog’s head may assist. Soak your dog in warm water from head to toe. Bathing your dog in a tub is usually the most convenient option, though very small dogs can be bathed in a sink.

Bathing your dog steps

Wash your dog’s coat with shampoo. Keep your hands away from your eyes, face, and genital area. Make a lather with enough shampoo. To avoid using too much shampoo, apply modest amounts at a time. To apply a more liberal amount of shampoo, mix two parts shampoo with one part water. To make application easier, pour the liquid into a spray bottle or a large plastic cup. When it comes to the face and eyes, remember to be cautious.

 For several minutes, rub, scrape, and massage your dog. You can use your fingers to shampoo your hair, just like you would at home. This is usually the part where your dog will have the most fun. Remember to clean your feet as well. Allow 15 to 20 minutes for the shampoo to sit on your dog’s coat before washing it off.

Bathing your dog process

Spray your dog’s coat with a trickle of water, avoiding the eyes and ears. Rinse your dog’s coat well to remove all shampoo. This is best done using a shower sprayer. It’s critical to get rid of all shampoo residue from your dog. Use lukewarm or slightly cool water after shampooing your dog with warm/hot water to help eliminate shampoo residue and close pores. Remove any extra water from your dog’s coat with a towel.

Place a towel on the ground and encourage your dog to play with it. Many dogs will instinctively rub their paws on the towel while shaking off the water. Once your dog is completely dry, thoroughly brush out the coat. Try to keep your dog from going outside until dry.

The Atlantic bonito fish breed is part of the same mackerel family (Scombridae) as tuna. The bonito is a strong swimmer and travels in fairly large schools. It is common for bonito to travel in shallow waters that have lots of baitfish, which they like to eat.

Bonitos are a ray-finned predatory fish of the Scombridae family, which also includes the mackerel, tuna, and Spanish mackerel tribes, as well as butterfly kingfish.

Atlantic bonito fish in water

The Atlantic Bonito is a huge tuna and mackerel that belongs to the Scombridi family of fish. The Sarda Sarda range stretches from the eastern Atlantic’s Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea to Norway, South Africa, and Nova Scotia, all the way to the western Atlantic’s northern Gulf of Mexico. It has been discovered in Colombia and Venezuela, despite the fact that it is not usually seen in the Caribbean Sea.

Body Structure of Atlantic Bonito Fish Breed

The Atlantic bonito differs from its relative by having dark oblique stripes on the back and a maxillary that is only about half the length of the head, whereas the striped bonito has nearly horizontal striping on its topside and a maxillary that is more than half the length of the head.  Atlantic bonito can reach 75 centimeters (30 in) in length and weigh 5–6 kilograms (11–13 lb). In the Azores, a fish weighing 18 pounds 4 ounces (8.3 kg) set the world record.

Atlantic bonito with good body structure

The dorsal fins of Atlantic bonito are relatively close together or separated by a short interspace. It has a totally scaled body, with the scales on the pectoral fin and lateral line being the largest. Bonitos (fish belonging to the genus Sarda) are distinguished from tuna by their compressed bodies, lack of teeth on the roof of the mouth, and color differences.

The striped bonito, Sarda orientalis, and Atlantic bonito share Atlantic waters. The striped bonito have been caught as far north as Cape Cod on the Atlantic coast. Its behaviors are similar to those of the more widespread Atlantic bonito, but it is slightly smaller.

Habitat and Diets of Atlantic Bonito Fish Breed

It usually travels in big groups and can be found off the coast of New York City, where it is known as “skipjack” due to its propensity of jumping out of the water. The spawning season is in June, and specimens measuring 12–15 centimeters (4.7–5.9 in) long are collected off the coast of Long Island in September.

Skipjack tuna is a small, wide-bodied fish that has longitudinal stripes on its back. It is the only tuna with such stripes on its back; all others have them on their abdomen. Skipjack tuna’s upper sides and back are steel blue in color.

Habitat and diets of Bonito

The Atlantic bonito has been a tireless hunter. They consume a wide variety of fish, including herring, menhaden, hake, mackerel, anchovies, shrimp, and squid. They have been reported to survive for at least nine years, but they aren’t particularly large fish.

Uses of Atlantic Bonito Fish Breed

Bonito is a popular Mediterranean culinary fish with meat that is comparable to tuna and mackerel and a size that is halfway between the two. Tuna fishermen frequently catch bonito while trawling for larger animals. Most fishermen consider it to be inferior to tuna as a food fish, probably due to its higher oiliness, however, it is occasionally used as bait.

The Archerfish Species is a monotypic family. The archerfish, or spinner fish, is a saltwater fish that lives in the Pacific and Indian oceans. The family is small and consists of ten species in a single genus, Toxotes. Most species live in freshwater rivers, streams, pools, and estuaries. Two or three of the species are euryhaline: they inhabit both fresh and brackish water.

One of the species, T. jaculatrix, is found in freshwater rivers and streams as well as brackish mangrove swamps. The Archerfish is a tropical and subtropical fish that can be found in Southeast Asia, Northern Australia, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, and Melanesia.

The archerfish is known for its unique hunting method. Its diet consists of land bugs and other small animals, which it shoots down with a jet of water.  They are able to shoot prey down with water droplets from their specialized mouths. The archerfish hunts for food with the help of a glandular secretion from the roof of its mouth, which shoots an insect attracting prey.

Archerfish species

Archerfish are notoriously unique in their shooting. Almost every time, an adult fish hits the target on the first shot. While it is widely believed that all archerfish species do this. They can bring down insects and other prey up to 3m above water level. This is partially due to their good eyesight, but also to their ability to compensate for refraction.

When an archerfish chooses its prey, the fish rotates its eye so that the image of the prey falls on a particular portion of the eye. The fish then squirts a jet of water at its victim by forming a small groove in the roof of its mouth and tongue into a narrow channel. The archerfish does this by contracting its gill covers and forcing water through the channel.

The position of the fish that shoots up to seven times in succession is directly beneath the prey, and they learn this is their best shooting spot. When shooting up to three meters, they are accurate only around one to one and a half meters. The blast of water may not bring down insects but the weight of the water on its wings brings it down.

Body Description of The Archerfish Species

The archerfish is a small fish, and its body can grow up to 15 cm long. It has silver stripes and two black spots on top of its head. An archerfish is a small tropical fish that lives in large rivers, lagoons, and lakes with abundant growth of water hyacinths. It is characterized by its largemouth, the depths of which are about one-third the length of its head.

Archerfish with good body structure

The trunk has two pairs of fully formed fins: pectoral fins and pelvic fins. The fish has a slender body with a pointed face. The dorsal and anal fins are far back on the body, and the tail has a rounded edge. It is silver-gray or greenish-brown with yellow spots on its sides.

The Banded Archerfish have four to six black vertical bars on its body. The first bar is across the eye, and the last is before the tail end. These black bars are also seen in their dorsal fin as well as their anal fin. Since they have these bars it was given its name of Banded Archerfish.


Since they are omnivores, they can be fed live insects, mealworms, and freeze-dried plankton. Dry seaweed can also be given to them as they grow. Smaller fish can also be given to them as they grow since they hunt other aquatic creatures in the wild too. Most insects are eaten with relish. They have an average life of 8-10 years to live.

Archerfish looking for its diets

Sea Robins Fish Species are members of the Triglidae family, which has gurnard fish (sea robin) as their emblem. Gurnard fish is known for its unique physical features. The orange ventral surface of the West Atlantic and large pectoral fins, which open when swimming, close like the wings of an airplane to create a larger wing surface area similar to it.

In the Triglidae family, there are three genera and about twenty species. They live in temperate waters of the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean, usually in deep oceanic trenches. The fish found in the Atlantic are called sea robins and those found in the Pacific are called gurnard; a family of bottom-feeding scorpaeniform fish. They get their name (sea robin) from the orange ventral surface of the species in the Western Atlantic (Prionotus carolinus) and from large pectoral fins which resemble a bird’s wings.

sea robins fish species

Sea robins have several distinctive features, including their drumming muscles. These muscles can be found in the abdomen, and when the fish is caught against its swim bladder, they beat to produce a sound similar to that of a frog.

Body Structure of Sea Robins Fish Species

Robinseas are fish with armored heads and elongated bodies. Their front fins are wings, which they use to move along the bottom of the sea and to hunt for food. They live below 20 meters. Their touching wings are the size of wings, with a few rays underneath each forming a separate feller. The body is typically dark red, but the fins are translucent pink. It has a covering of thick armor plates and spines over its entire body.

sea robins with good body structure on display

Sea robins are remarkable in both looks and behavior. These creatures have fierce eyes and a pointy nose, but they only grow to be about 11cm long. Their bodies are flat, with the head being flatter than the body. The armor on their heads has a long point on it that resembles a fin. The snout develops both broad and long protrusions that end in sharp points.

The sea robin has three “walking rays” on each side of its body. These are derived from the supportive structures in the pectoral fins, called fin-rays. The walking rays in sea robins have been shown to be used for locomotion and prey detection on the seafloor via chemoreception, a method of detecting chemical substances. The most prevalent amino acids in marine invertebrates are detected by this chemoreception, which is highly sensitive.

Habitat and Diets

Sea robins are very common. All members of the group live in tropical waters, but most inhabit the Pacific. The latest species to be discovered was found off the coast of Costa Rica and lives at a depth of 110 meters or more. Its diet consists primarily of annelid worms, small crustaceans, and small fish.

sea robins in its habitat


Gurnard is a member of the sea robin family, Triglidae. They have firm white flesh that holds together well in cooking, making them well-suited to soups and stews. The French especially enjoy Gurnard as a dish called “bouillabaisse,” which is made with tomatoes, onions, garlic, and saffron. They can also be used as bait.

Fish pond is controlled water, artificial lake, or reservoir stocked with fish for fish farming purposes, recreational or ornamental uses. Fish pond management has a long way to go. For proper survival and growth of fish for sustenance, fish pond management must be applied to achieve our target.
Fish ponds can be classified into natural or earthen ponds and concrete ponds but there are some farmers using plastic to raise fish.

Earthen pond


Pond size will determine how many fishes you are stocking and the pond must be stock base on the availability of water. The water to be used for the fish pond can be borehole, rain e.t.c

plastic container pond
Some of the factors to consider when citing a fish pond are:
* Adequate water
* Soil topography
*Availability of feed
* Fish species available
* Vegetation of the area

How to Fish Pond Management

Eradication of weeds

They deprive pond of nutrient requires, gives shelter to predatory insects and animal, can also serve as a breeding site for their egg production on the leaves.

Draining of the Pond

Drain all the water in the pond completely so as to expose the bottom to direct sunlight which helps kill the parasite there. During this process, repairing the pond is also done.

Fish pond and its management

This is done before filling the pond with water. this neutralizes the soil acidity, increases the PH value, changes the soil structure, helps in bone formation in fish.

Prevention of Disease

Disease can kill the fish in the pond so it has to be prevented. Feeding regularly, manuring, weeding, and others help to prevent disease.

Constant supply of Water

Fill the pond with water regularly and avoid leakages.

Regular Feeding

Feed them twice daily and an adequate feed supply must be provided in the pond.


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