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The Portuguese Water Dog evolved in Portugal’s Algarve region. From there, the breed spread all over the Portuguese coast. The Portuguese Water Dog is an old breed that is thought to have evolved around 700 BC in the Central Asian steppes. When Vasco Bensaude, a wealthy Portuguese shipping entrepreneur, began to search out fishermen’s dogs for use in a mating scheme to re-establish the breed in the 1930s, the PWD was on the edge of extinction.

Algarbiorum was the name of Bensaude’s kennel, and Leo was his most famous dog. The Avalade kennels in Portugal were founded by Dr. António Cabral. Bensaude spearheaded the re-establishment of the species in Portugal, and he registered his first PWD in 1954.

Portuguese Water Dogs were employed to herd fish into nets and retrieve damaged nets and tackle that had fallen overboard. They also served as messengers between fishermen and from ship to shore. The breed began to suffer the same fate as the Portuguese fishermen as fishing diminished in the early twentieth century.

portuguese water dog breed playing in the bush
credit:petkeen.com

Two Portuguese Water Dogs arrived in the United States in 1958 as part of a rare breed exchange program. The Water Dog’s popularity developed slowly but gradually. The American Kennel Club welcomed the Portuguese Water Dog into the working group on January 1, 1984. He’s most likely related to the Poodle, a water retriever breed developed in Germany.

Body Characteristics

The Portuguese Water Dog has a firmly formed, muscular body with strong, substantial bone that is neither refined nor coarse. When measured from the prosternum to the rearmost point of the buttocks, and from the withers to the ground, the Portuguese Water Dog is somewhat longer than tall. The ears are lowered and the head is longer than the muzzle. The eyes of a Portuguese Water Dog can be black or brown in color. For swimming, have webbed toes and don’t shed. Portuguese Water Dogs, on the other hand, are more solidly built, with powerful legs and a wavy coat rather than a neatly coiled coat.

Water Male Portuguese Females grow to be around 17 to 21 inches (43 to 53 cm) tall and weigh between 35 and 50 pounds, while males grow to be about 20 to 23 inches (51 to 58 cm) tall and weigh between 40 and 60 pounds (18 and 27 kg) (16 and 23 kg).

The coat of the Portuguese Water Dog comes in two kinds. One is wavy with a subtle gloss, while the other is compact curls. These dogs do not shed and have no undercoat. Black, white, or various hues of brown are the coat colors. There are also black or brown and white combinations. Dogs with bluish complexion have black, white, or black and white hair.

Behavior

Portuguese Water Canines are bright, loving, and independent dogs that are easy to train in obedience and agility. They adore being touched and are often sociable to strangers. PWDs are usually content to sit by their master’s side and wait for instructions, and if properly trained, they are willing and capable of following complex commands. PWDs have a strong retrieving instinct, which leads to tugging and gnawing in certain dogs.

portuguese water dog breed playing with a tennis ball beside the water
credit:purina.com.au

Training

Positive reinforcement strategies such as praise, play, and food rewards can be used to train your Portuguese Water Dog. If you keep doing the same thing, he’ll get bored. When they’re young, Portuguese Water Dogs require early socialization and exposure to a variety of people, sights, sounds, and experiences.

Socialization ensures that your PWD puppy develops into a well-rounded adult dog. Water Dogs from Portugal are extremely intelligent. They enjoy learning new things, but they can get bored quickly, so make training is hard and enjoyable for them.

Caring

They demand regular hard exercise as well as mental challenges due to their intelligence and work motivation. They are kind and patient, yet boredom can lead to destructive behavior. Portuguese Water Dogs are active and require 30 to 60 minutes of intense exercise every day. They enjoy swimming and are great jogging partners. If they get enough exercise, they can adjust to apartment life.

portuguese water dog breed playing at the backyard
credit:patterjack.com

To avoid mating and tangling, the Portuguese Water Dog requires constant grooming. They require daily brushing and combing, as well as baths and haircuts on a regular basis. This dog requires a lot of attention.

Health

Cataracts, progressive retinal atrophy, hip dysplasia, and distichiasis are all hereditary disorders that PWDs are susceptible to. Waterdogs mature between the ages of one and two years, while they attain full size around the age of six to eight months. Typically, they survive between 10 and 14 years.

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Newfoundlanders, who are native to the Canadian province of Newfoundland, have a natural affinity for water. Some breed historians believe European fishermen mixed their own dogs with the Newfoundland’s ancestors, possibly a Great Pyrenees. In Newfoundland, the breed was bred and employed as a working dog for fishermen. Fishermen and explorers from Ireland and England visited the Grand Banks of Newfoundland in the early 1880s, where they recorded two varieties of working dogs.

One was a giant water dog with a longish coat, while the other was a medium-sized water dog with a smooth coat. The Greater Newfoundland was the heavier breed. The Lesser Newfoundland, sometimes known as the St. John’s water dog, was a smaller breed.

According to legend, the breed is the result of a crossbreeding of numerous European breeds in the 15th and 16th centuries, including Pyrenean Sheep Dogs, Mastiffs, and Portuguese Water Dogs. The breed was nearly extinct in the 1780s due to government-imposed regulations requiring Canadian families to pay taxes on the one dog they were allowed to retain.

Newfoundland dog breed together with a young lady
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Sir Edwin Landseer (1802-1873), who liked to feature Newfoundland in his paintings, was one person who contributed to the island’s comeback. In his honor, the white and black breed strain was dubbed Landseer. The first Newfoundland was presented in England in 1860. The American Kennel Club originally recognized the breed in 1879, and the first American Newfoundland champion was named in 1883.

Body Characteristics

Newfoundlands are big-boned, powerful dogs with large heads that sit near or above an adult’s hip for comfortable caressing. The majority of their height comes from the rise of their deep chests and broad backs from stout-but-powerful legs, which average 26–28 inches at the withers,  has deep, drooping eyes, usually dark brown, situated atop a deep, wide nose. A loving expression begs you to brush her long, velvety ears on a regular basis.

Males weigh 65–80 kg (143–176 lb), while females weigh 55–65 kg (121–143 lb). They can reach a shoulder height of 56–76 cm (22–30 in). Newfoundland’s colors include black, brown, grey, and white-and-black. Other colors are possible, but they aren’t considered more important or unusual. The double coat of this breed is flat and water-resistant. The undercoat is soft and dense, and the outside coat is coarse and lengthy.

Behavior

The breed is noted for its power as well as its calm and gentle demeanor. They are extremely loyal, have a gentle temperament, and make excellent working dogs. This is why this breed is referred to as “the gentle giant.” They are exceptional with youngsters. Newfoundlands are natural worker dogs and people pleasers. They rely on you to tell them what has to be done and like helping others.

Newfoundland dog breed
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The sweetness of temperament is the trademark of Newfoundland; this is the most essential single quality of the breed, according to the American breed standard. In general, Newfoundland is fine with other animals, although its size might be problematic if it is not well trained.

Training

Because the breed grows swiftly, training should begin early. Because he is generally eager to please, training him is rather simple. With Newfoundlands, leash training is a necessity. Begin training and socialization as soon as you bring your puppy home. Positive orders and appropriate signals reinforce your dog’s good behavior.

Caring

He has a strong work ethic and requires physical and mental stimulation. Swimming is an excellent type of exercise for Newfoundland puppies since it allows them to train their muscles without risking joint injury. They require the moderate exercise of up to 30 minutes per day and prefer to walk with their owners rather than run.

Newfoundland dog breed
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Newfoundland dog breed
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A lot of grooming is required for this dog breed. There’s her double-hair coat, which benefits from regular brushing, and there’s also substantial shedding approximately twice a year to worry with. She’ll shed largely in the fall and spring, and will need to be brushed daily to keep it under control.

Health

Newfoundland is related to a number of health issues. Hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, and cystinuria are all common in this breed. Subvalvular aortic stenosis is another hereditary issue (SAS). This breed, on the other hand, can live up to 15 years.

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The Mastiff dog is a huge dog breed from the United Kingdom. Probably descended from the ancient Alaunt and Pugnaces Britanniae, with a 19th-century contribution from the Alpine Mastiff dog. These canines could be linked to the dogs used in Roman arenas to fight lions, tigers, bears, and gladiators. The Pugnacious Britanniae, which existed during the Roman occupation of Britain, was undoubtedly a factor in the development of the English Mastiff dog.

Grattis, an ancient Roman poet, praised British dogs, comparing them to the ancient Greek Molossus. The Alaunt was most likely a genetic forerunner of the English Mastiff. The Alans, who had relocated to France owing to Hun pressure, developed these dogs, which were introduced by the Normans.

The mastiff dog often called the old English mastiff, has a long history. The dogs were discovered in Britain during the Roman invasion; they could have been transported there by Phoenician traders as early as the 6th century BC. Dogs were used by the Romans as livestock guardians and personal bodyguards. The Mastiff is descended from the Molosser, one of the oldest canine breeds, which originated in Asia’s mountains, maybe in Tibet or northern India.

Mastiff dog breed with tan colour standing at the back yard
credit:en.wikipedia.org

In those frigid, high passes, they were most likely employed to protect flocks from predators. Their ancestors can be found in several modern breeds, including the Tibetan Mastiff, Saint Bernard, Rottweiler, Dogue de Bordeaux, and others.

Hannibal used well-trained military mastiffs to cross the Alps. The battle dogs crossed with indigenous dogs on their journey, and their offspring created the foundation for breeds like Saint Bernard and Rottweiler. The massive canines guarded estates and patrolled the grounds at night in England, where the modern Mastiff was evolved. Lyme Hall was known for its Mastiffs, which were raised from the 15th century to the early twentieth century and helped save the breed from extinction.

They were on the verge of extinction during World Wars I and II due to a lack of food, but a pair of Mastiff puppies imported from Canada after WWII helped bring them back from the brink. Mastiffs are thought to have arrived in the United States during colonial times, but the first Mastiff club did not form until 1879. In 1885, the American Kennel Club recognized the breed, and Bayard, a Mastiff, was the first of his breed to be registered. The Mastiff Club of America was established in 1929.

Body Characteristics of Mastiff Dog Breed

Mastiff dog is the largest dog breed in terms of mass, with a hefty body, broad cranium, and often square head.

  • The mastiff dog is a large, strong, and muscular dog.
  • With a short muzzle and hanging jowls, and a black mask around the eyes and nose, the head is heavy and square.
  • The eyes are dark hazel or brown in color and are tiny.
  • Dark in hue, the tiny ears drop downward.
  • The dog’s tail starts high on the rump, tapers to the tip, and ends at the hocks.
  • The mastiff has a short, straight coat with a gritty texture.
  • Apricot-fawn, silver-fawn, fawn, or dark fawn-brindle are the most common English
  • Mastiff colors, with black on the snout, ears, nose, and eyes.
Mastiff dog breed with tan colour
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Males are 30 inches at the shoulder while ladies are 27.5 inches at the shoulder. The average male can weigh 150–250 pounds (68–113 kg), while the average female can weigh 120–200 pounds (54–91 kg), with particularly huge individuals weighing 300 pounds (140 kg) or more.

Behavior of Mastiff Dog Breed

The mastiff dog is a dignified but kind creature. His calm nature makes him an excellent playmate for older children, and he is caring and attentive toward his family. However, due to its large size, the breed is not recommended for toddlers.

When visitors come to the house, the mastiff’s guard dog roots are likely to show. Strangers make the dog wary, and he is protective of his family and perceived territory. Despite this, the mastiff only barks occasionally.

Mastiff Dog Breed Training

Mastiff dog require training so that, despite their size, they may be easily managed. Mastiffs are not suitable for inexperienced or fearful owners. Positive reinforcement works best for them, especially if it includes lots of hugs and praise. Socializing your Mastiff with other animals will aid in his or her happiness and wellbeing.

Mastiffs may develop hostility toward other animals if they are not properly educated and socialized, and their size and power make them hazardous if they do not know how to engage with them. They should not sleep or dwell in the yard, but rather in the house. When a Mastiff is separated from his or her family, he or she will pine or become destructive.

Mastiff Dog Breed Take-Caring

Mastiff dog can get bored and destructive if they don’t get enough exercise and excitement. Their physical activity requirements are moderate. A couple of 20- to 30-minute walks per day will suffice for an adult Mastiff. They’re not suitable jogging companions due to their enormous size. They readily overheat, and the tension of jogging might harm their joints. Mornings and evenings are the finest times to go for a walk. Bring water with you during the day in case it gets hot.

Mastiff dog breed during training
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Mastiffs have a low-maintenance coat, but they shed a lot. Grooming is simple and quick. A weekly brushing and a quick clean with a towel or chamois cloth are all that’s required of the short coat.

Mastiff Dog Breed Health

Hip dysplasia and stomach torsion are two common disorders. Obesity, osteosarcoma, and cystinuria are among the other issues. Cardiomyopathy, allergies, vaginal hyperplasia, cruciate ligament rupture, hypothyroidism, OCD, entropion, progressive retinal atrophy (PRA), and persistent pupillary membranes are also problems with mastiff dogs. The Mastiff dog has a typical lifespan of 10–11 years.

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The Leonberger dog is a German dog breed named after the city of Leonberg in Baden-Württemberg. Heinrich Essig, a dog breeder, and seller from Leonberg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany, claimed to have developed the Leonberger dog by breeding a female Landseer Newfoundland with a “barry” male from the Great St Bernard Hospice and Monastery in the 1830s.

Originally, the Leonberger dog was Herr Heinrich Essig’s attempt to make a dog that looked like a lion, as part of the Leonberg crest. He came up with a big dog with a golden yellow coat and black nose and ears. Leonbergers were popular as farm dogs due to their talents as watchdogs and draft dogs.

The current Leonberger dog, with darker coats and black masks, was created by reintroducing other breeds, such as Newfoundland, in the latter half of the twentieth century. This was important since the two world wars had a significant impact on Leonberger’s breeding stocks. Only five Leonbergers apparently survived World War I and were bred until World War II, when nearly all Leonbergers were lost once more.

Leonberger siting on owners laps
credit:bbc.com

Leonberger dog were used to pull munitions carts during both world wars, service to the breed’s homeland that nearly caused their extinction. Karl Stadelmann and Otto Josenhans are credited with bringing the breed back from the brink of extinction. The eight dogs that survived World War II are the ancestors of today’s Leonberger dog.

Leonbergers were imported by the Canadian government for use as water rescue/lifesaving dogs at the turn of the century. The breed, along with the Newfoundland, Labrador Retriever, and Golden Retriever, is still used as a lifeguard at the Italian School of Canine Lifeguard. On January 1, 2010, the Leonberger joined the Icelandic Sheepdog and the Cane Corso as members of the Working Group of the American Kennel Club. It was the AKC’s 167th breed to be recognized.

Leonberger Dog Body Characteristics

Leonberger dog have a huge, strong, and elegant physical type, a medium temperament, and a commanding personality.

  • A stunning black mask is worn on the head.
  • The head is well balanced in relation to the dog’s size, and it is deeper than broad, with the muzzle and skull lengths nearly equal.
  • The eyes are medium-sized, almond-shaped, and dark brown in color, and are set into the skull at a slight angle with close-fitting eyelids.
  • The ears are fleshy, medium in size, and pendant-shaped, with enough substance to hang close to the skull and drop the tip of the ears to the inside corners of the mouth.
Leonberger siting on the ground
credit:loveyourdog.com

Males are 71–80 cm (28–31 in) tall, while females are 65–75 cm (26–30 in) tall. Males weigh 120–170 lb (54–77 kg), while females are 100–135 lb (45–61 kg). The Leonberger dog has a water-resistant double coat over the body, which is accented by the muzzle and limbs’ shorter, fine hair. The long, voluminous outer coat is tough, straight, flat, and close-fitting. The mane of a mature Leonberger dog is quite noticeable. His tail, too, is extremely well-furnished from tip to base. With a black mask, the color ranges from lion-yellow to golden to reddish-brown.

Leonberger Dog Behavior

One of the most essential and defining traits of the Leonberger dog is its temperament. They are confident, noise-insensitive, obedient to family members, kind with children, composed with passersby, and self-disciplined when protecting their family or property. They may be transported everywhere and acclimatize well to a variety of situations, including the introduction of other dogs because they are robust, loyal, intelligent, lively, and gentle.

Caring of Leonberger Dog

Leonbergers dog are smart and trainable dogs, but they may be stubborn. They are not known to be violent with people, but as they grow older, they become more reserved towards strangers. Because this is a large breed, proper control, early socialization, and training are important. Early and comprehensive socialization and training, along with a lot of positive reinforcement and clear expectations, will convert him into a wonderful family buddy, but without it, he’ll be naughty and destructive.

They require a lot of exercise, attention, and room, but with the appropriate pet parent, they may be the best buddy anyone has ever had. Outside, they are lively dogs who demand more than just a walk. Agility, carting, sledding, camping, and swimming are among the activities that Leonbergers enjoy. They adore the water.

Leonberger siting on the ground
credit:dogtime.com

Brushing and combing these dogs twice a week is required. They don’t need to be trimmed. They don’t drool at all. They shed moderately, with more shedding occurring twice a year.

Leonberger Dog – Health

Leonbergers are powerful, healthy dogs, although they are susceptible to some ailments. Leonbergers can inherit and/or develop heart problems, inherited Leonberger paralysis/polyneuropathy, osteosarcoma, hemangiosarcoma, osteochondrosis dissecans, allergies, digestive disorders, cataracts, entropion/ectropion eyelids, progressive retinal atrophy, perianal fistulas, and thyroid disorders, among other things. Leonbergers have an average lifespan of eight to ten years.

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Hematuria in dogs – Hematuria is a medical term for the presence of blood in the urine. Blood in the urine is a symptom that can indicate a number of serious underlying conditions. Hematuria is a condition in which blood is passed via the urine and can signal a significant underlying ailment. Blood in your dog’s urine is usually caused by inflammation or infection in the urinary tract, which can involve both the upper and lower urinary tract.

Hematuria in dogs can happen at any age, although the cause is often determined by the dog’s age. For example, dogs can have familial hematuria, which means blood in the urine is passed down down the generations, and this is the most prevalent cause of blood in the urine in young dogs. However, cancer is the most common cause of blood in an older dog’s pee. Another factor to consider is gender, as blood in the urine might be caused by a urinary tract infection, which is more common in girls than in males.

Hematuria in dogs- The brown dog having blood in its urine
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Causes of Hematuria in dogs

  • Urinary Tract Infection – Blood in the urine is a common symptom of a urinary tract infection (UTI). This is generally followed by additional signs and symptoms.
  • Prostate – A prostatic ailment might cause blood in your male dog’s pee. If your dog has a prostatic disease, he will most likely experience strained urination, a reduced urine stream, and trouble passing bowel movements, among other symptoms.
  • Estrus – When a female dog is in heat, she will bleed. While the blood is not in the urine because it comes from the same region, dog owners may mistake estrus blood for pee blood.
  •  Bladder or Kidney Infection – A bladder infection, kidney infection, or infection of the prostate or urethra can all cause blood in your dog’s pee.
  • Tumors – Cancerous and non-cancerous tumors in dogs can result in blood in their urine.
  • Stones – Kidney or bladder stones can cause hematuria because they put a pressure on these organs.
  •  Poisoning – Blood in your dog’s pee could indicate that he’s consumed a poisonous chemical. Other symptoms such as tiredness, coughing, exercise intolerance, enlarged abdomen, and difficulty breathing will generally accompany the primary complaint.
  • Physical trauma – Blood in your dog’s pee might be caused by physical trauma.

Symptoms of Hematuria in dogs

Hematuria in dogs- The presence of blood in the urine is a symptom of hematuria. Urine will be reddened, with or without abnormally frequent urine passage. During a physical examination, a mass in a cancer patient may be palpated. During a physical examination, an enlarged and/or uncomfortable prostate gland in male canines may be felt, as well as abdominal pain in some cases.

Hematuria in dogs- The brown dog passing blood in its urine
creditdogster.com

Subdermal skin hemorrhages, also known as petechiae and ecchymoses, might show as bruises in patients with a blood-clotting problem. Round, purplish, non-raised areas of skin will show these discolored spots.

Diagnosis of Hematuria in dogs

Hematuria in dogs- It’s critical to provide a detailed health history for your dog, including a list of indications and symptoms. This information can help your veterinarian figure out what’s causing the blood in your dog’s pee, as well as diagnose and treat the problem. The veterinarian will perform a thorough physical examination, checking for any potential anomalies like edema, discomfort, or growths.

A complete blood count will be utilized to detect aberrant red, white, and platelet levels, as well as a chemical blood profile to detect levels of calcium, phosphorous, potassium, nitrogenous waste products, albumin, and liver enzymes.

Urinalysis will be an important diagnostic technique. The pH of your dog’s urine will be checked, as well as the presence of red blood cells, hemoglobin, protein, and glucose levels. The urine will be analyzed under a microscope if a high concentration of minerals is discovered, which could indicate crystals or stones. It’s possible that a vaginoscopy or cystoscopy is required.

Hematuria in dogs- The brown dog passing blood in its urine
credit:dogline.com

Treatment of Hematuria in dogs

Because hematuria in dogs can signal a significant underlying disease, treatment will be determined by the primary or associated diseases that are present. Once your dog has been stabilized, treatment will be varied and tailored to the underlying cause of the blood in his pee. If your dog’s red blood cell count is dangerously low, stabilization may require intravenous fluids to address dehydration and/or a blood transfusion.

Most veterinarians prescribe anti-inflammatory or pain medication to help your dog feel better, and if your dog has urine crystals or bladder stones, they may also recommend a diet change. Certain prescription diets help prevent stone formation and optimize urine pH, which is an important aspect of addressing urinary tract disorders in dogs.

Hematuria in dogs is usually caused by inflammation or infection in the urinary tract, which can involve both the upper and lower urinary tract. To rule out any major medical conditions, consult a veterinarian or an emergency veterinarian as soon as possible.

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Breathing difficulties in dogs affect all breeds and ages, and they can quickly turn fatal. If your dog is experiencing trouble breathing, you should take him to the doctor as soon as possible. The respiratory system is responsible for taking in oxygen and delivering it to the red blood cells and other organs in your dog’s body.

Breathing difficulties in dogs can affect dogs of all ages, breeds, and genders; however, certain breeds and types of dogs are more prone to specific underlying causes of Breathing difficulties in dogs. Cardiomyopathy and congestive heart failure are more common in really large and enormous dog breeds. Tracheal collapse is more common in little, toy-type dogs.

It’s not always easy to tell the difference between a dog who is breathing regularly and one who is having difficulty breathing. Healthy dogs should have a resting respiratory rate of 20 to 34 breaths per minute, and they should not appear to be straining to breathe. Of course, regular variables such as warm temperatures, exercise, stress, and excitement can cause dogs to breathe more quickly and/or deeply.

Breathing difficulties in dogs- the dog scratching the body
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Rapid breathing or panting are also common responses to effort or heat; if this is the case, give your dog some time to relax and cool down to see if her breathing returns to normal. Dyspnea (difficulty breathing), tachypnea (rapid breathing), panting, and coughing are all symptoms of serious underlying disorders that should be treated as emergency situations if they persist.

Causes of Breathing Difficulties in dogs

The cause of breathing difficulties in dogs includes the following

Dogs with tachypnea (rapid breathing)

  • Low blood oxygen levels (hypoxia)
  • Low red blood cell levels (anemia)
  • Blood clots in pulmonary vessels
  •  The causes of dyspnea in dogs can also produce tachypnea.

Panting

  • Pain
  •  Anxiety
  • Medications
  • Excessive body heat (fever or during exercise)
  • Obesity
  • High blood pressure
  • High thyroid hormone levels
  • Metabolic acidosis (when the body produces too much acid or can’t eliminate it appropriately)
  • Some causes of dyspnea and tachypnea in dogs can also cause panting.

Dyspnea 

  • Foreign object lodged in throat
  • Elongated soft palate
  • Small nostrils
  • Ascites, or fluid in the belly
  • Bloat, or air in the belly
  •  Enlarged liver
  • Bacterial or viral infection
  • Tumors
  • Allergies
  • Asthma
  • Injury to the chest wall
  • Pulmonary edema, or heart failure with fluid in the lungs
  • Blood in the chest around the lungs
  • Bleeding into the lungs
  • Pneumonia
  • Infectious tracheobronchitis, or kennel cough

Symptoms of Breathing difficulties in dogs

Breathing difficulties in dogs- when dogs have problems breathing, they may exhibit a variety of symptoms depending on the nature of the health problem and its severity.

Breathing difficulties in dogs- the dog been tested in the vet
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Dyspnea in Dogs

  • When breathing, the chest wall and sometimes the abdomen will move more than normal
  • Nostrils may flare open
  • Breathing with an open mouth
  • Breathing with elbows extending out from the body
  • Neck and head held low and out in front of the body
  • Noisy breathing

Tachypnea in dogs

  • Rapid breathing.
  • Your breathing rate is higher than usual.
  • Breathing is generally shallower than usual, with the mouth closed or slightly open but not as wide as when panting.

Panting

  • Breathing faster than usual with an open mouth
  • Shallow breaths
  •  Tongue protruding

Diagnosis of Breathing difficulties in dogs

Breathing difficulties in dogs should be treated as an emergency, so you should take your dog to the veterinarian as soon as you notice a problem. Because there are so many potential explanations for breathing difficulties in dogs, it’s critical that you provide a detailed account of the symptoms and when they first appeared, as well as any recent episodes that may be relevant.

During the examination, your veterinarian will pay close attention to how your dog breathes and listen to his chest for specific noises that could indicate a problem. The color of your dog’s gums will also be assessed, as the color of the gums can indicate whether or not your dog has appropriate blood flow and oxygenation. A complete blood count, metabolic profile, fecal examination, urine analysis, and chest X-rays are some of the initial diagnostic tests for dogs that are experiencing problems breathing. Additional tests and procedures may be required.

Breathing difficulties in dogs- the dog lying down and painting
credit:

Depending on the circumstances, they may involve ultrasound imaging, an electrocardiogram, specialized blood tests, fluid sample analysis, rhinoscopy or bronchoscopy operations, and tissue biopsies.

Treatment of Breathing difficulties in dogs

Treatment options are numerous and will vary depending on the diagnosis. Your dog’s requirement for prescription pet drugs and procedures will be determined by the origin and severity of the respiratory problem. Your dog’s activities will be limited until the breathing problem has been adequately addressed.

Continuing oxygen therapy to stabilize your dog while the fundamental cause of the breathing difficulty is addressed is a common treatment. If there is any fluid in the space around the lungs, it may need to be drained using a needle, which is known as thoracentesis. Heart failure patients may benefit from diuretics.

It is critical to seek treatment as soon as possible because the sooner your dog receives oxygen therapy and drugs, the sooner you will be able to avoid and reverse impaired functioning and probable organ damage caused by a lack of oxygen.

The prospect for dogs who are having trouble breathing is determined by the underlying cause. If you detect any changes in your dog’s respiratory pattern, you should contact your veterinarian.

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A flock guardian dog, the Kuvasz dog is a historic Hungarian breed. The breed has been described in historical Hungarian writings. They have traditionally served as royal guard dogs or livestock guardians, but in the last seventy years, they have become more common as household pets. Hungary is where the contemporary Kuvasz was born. By maintaining them as his devoted bodyguards, King Mathias I of Hungary helped to establish the breed. Kuvasz was also utilized for large game hunting during the period.

Numerous nomadic or semi-nomadic tribes moved into what is now Hungary during the Migration Period and later the Hungarian conquest of the Carpathian Basin. In 895 or 896 AD, the Principality of Hungary was established. Matthias Corvinus is said to have kept a considerable number of Kuvasz dogs at his court in the fifteenth century as security dogs, hunting dogs, and occasionally war dogs.

Almost all Kuvasz dogs in Hungary were killed by the conclusion of World War II. The dogs were deliberately pursued and murdered by German and Soviet soldiers because of their record for guarding their homes, while some German officers used to take Kuvasz dogs home with them. After the war, it was discovered that only thirty Kuvasz remained in Hungary. Kuvasz breeders have repopulated Hungary since then, thanks to numerous committed breeders. However, because of this near-extinction, the genetic pool available to breeders was extremely limited, and some breeders may have continued their projects using other breeds, such as the Great Pyrenees.

The Kuvasz dog standing in the snow
credit:dogbreedslist.info

The first Hungarian breed standard was created in 1884. The first Kuvasz was registered in the United States in 1931. The Kuvasz Club of America (KCA) was founded in 1966 and was recognized by the American Kennel Club as the official breed club in 1993.

Body characteristic

The Kuvasz is a large and muscular dog that is both solid and well-muscled, as well as exceptionally strong and endurance-oriented. The head is wedge-shaped, with a muzzle that is slightly shorter than half the length of the head and a little stop. The almond-shaped eyes are dark brown in color and slightly tilted. The Kuvasz is a huge and robust dog, standing 71–76 cm tall at the withers and weighing 48–62 kg; bitches stand 66–70 cm tall and weigh 37–50 kg.

White or ivory-white coat with thick, coarse undercoat and soft undercoat. The skin is slate-grey, with black on the tip of the snout, lips, and eye rims, and black or slate-grey on the paw pads.

Behavior

Kuvasz Dogs can be violent and are best used as livestock guarding dogs on the range rather than as home pets. They may have a tendency to stray until they understand their boundaries. Kuvasz was chosen for their guarding abilities and their ability to protect their home and family. While their current role is essentially flocking guardianship, if reared as part of the family, they will assume guardianship of your children and home.

The Kuvasz dog playing in the snow
credit:petkeen.com

They are gentle and protective if raised with children and other pets. Lack of human touch or excitement can lead to destructive behaviors such as excessive alarm barking and digging. They are fiercely protective of their family, especially their children, and are wary of strangers.

Training

Even though Kuvasz are so intelligent, protective, and robust, socializing and training them from an early age is very vital. In training, they require patience and toughness. They are not the best dogs for a new dog owner. These bright canines demand tough training and considerable socializing due to their inherent independence.

Socialization of dogs intended to be family members is critical, and it should begin when the dog is young and continue throughout their lives. If Kuvasz dog is to be a family pet, they should be exposed to other dogs and animals along with humans when they are young.

Caring

Kuvasz dog requires a lot of exercises, but this requirement decreases as they get older. Kuvasz is naturally fit and athletic. Once they are physically grown, they require exercises such as long walks or runs. They can become destructive or aggressive if left alone for long periods of time. Grooming can be done as infrequently as once a week or as frequently as once a day during shedding periods.

The Kuvasz dog playing in the yard
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Because the white coat is coarse, mud and filth are easily brushed off, revealing a clean white dog underneath. Kuvasz dogs can survive in temperate to cold temperatures with to their thick coats, as long as they have shelter, water, and food. During the spring and fall, Kuvaszok shed excessively, necessitating more frequent brushing.

Health

Kuvasz dog is typically healthy, however, they are susceptible to some health issues, as are all breeds. Kuvasz may be affected by the following factors:

  • Hip dysplasia in dogs
  • Osteochondritis Dissecans
  • Von Willebrand Disease
  • Dilatation-volvulus of the stomach
  • A Kuvasz’s lifespan might be as brief as eight to ten years. People have lived for up to 14 years.

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The Hungarian sheepdog, also known as the Komondor dog, is a huge white-colored Hungarian livestock guardian dog with a long, corded coat that has been used to guard livestock and other property for many years. The Cumans brought the Komondor to Europe, and the first written reference of it is from 1544 in a Hungarian codex. the Turkic-speaking nomadic group who settled in Hungary in the 12th and 13th centuries.

Komondor comes from the word Koman-dor, which means Cuman dog in English. The Cumans, whose homeland may have been near the Yellow River, brought the breed from Asia with them. It is descended from Tibetan dogs. In 1239, under Köten Khan, Cumans were granted sanctuary and relocated to Hungary. In Cuman graveyards, Komondor remains were discovered.

Komondor dog lying on the grass in the yard
credit:patterjack.com

The Komondor is now a reasonably widespread breed in Hungary, where it originated. During World War II, many Komondors were slain because the Germans had to kill the dog before capturing the farm or house it guarded. The Komondor dog, like many other breeds, was on the verge of extinction during World War II. After the war, breeders attempted to restore the breed’s numbers, but it remained rare and unknown. The American Kennel Club recognized the breed in 1937, but until around 1962, there were few Komondor dogs outside of Hungary.

In the 1930s, a few Komondorok were imported to the United States and were quickly recognized by the American Kennel Club. However, by the late 1960s, the breed had established itself in the United States because of the efforts of Hungarians living in the West.

Komondor Dog Body Characteristics

  • The Komondor dog is a medium-sized dog with a broad head, a muzzle that is slightly shorter than half the length of the head, and a scissor bite that is even and complete.
  • The lips and nose are always black.
  • A male Komondor stands 27.5 inches tall and weighs 100 pounds or more; a female reaches 25.5 inches tall and weighs 80 pounds or more.
  • The dog has a medium-sized head, with hair covering the facial features.
  • The tail is straight and the body is brawny.
  • The Komondor’s coat is a long, thick, and brilliantly corded white coat that resembles dreadlocks or a mop and is roughly 20–27 cm long.
  • The coat of a puppy is silky and fluffy.

The coat, on the other hand, is wavy and tends to curl as the puppy grows older. It takes around two years for a fully mature coat to emerge, with the soft undercoat and coarser outer coat merging to form tassels or cords.

The Komondor dog playing in he snow
credit:worlddogfinder.com

The Komondor’s mop-like coat, which was created to defend it from predators as well as adverse weather, resembles that of the Hungarian Racka sheep. The dog’s white coat helped him blend in among the herds of sheep.

Komondor Dog Behavior

The Komondor dog is designed to protect animals. Strangers make Komondor nervous, and he is very protective. Today, the Komondor functions as a devoted friend as well as a devoted guard dog for its human herd.  Its disposition is similar to that of most livestock guarding dogs: calm and steady when things are normal, but courageous in defending its charges when things go wrong. It was created with the ability to think, act, and make decisions on its own.

The Komondor dog has a warm relationship with its family and is kind to its children and friends. Although apprehensive of strangers, they can accept them if there is no danger, as they are innately protective of their family, home, and belongings. The Komondor gets along well with other family pets and is often protective of them, but it is intolerant of trespassing animals and is not an apartment dog.

Training of Komondor Dog

If started early, the Komondor dog usually responds well to training. Because a bored Komondor can become recalcitrant, it is critical that training sessions be positive and enjoyable. Even with a young puppy, consistent corrections are required to develop a well-adjusted adult. The importance of socialization cannot be overstated. While still a puppy, the Komondor should be exposed to various circumstances, people, and other dogs. When confronted with a new circumstance or person, a Komondor who has not been properly socialized may respond aggressively.

The Komondor dog standing with the hair covering its eyes
credit:vetstreet.com

Caring for Komondor Dog

Komondor dog has moderate exercise requirements and is content with two or three short walks per day or yard time. Adult Komondor, despite their speed, are largely idle and require little exercise. Large yards are not required for these dogs, as they normally remain fixed in a guarding position.

The Komondor dog has a stunningly distinct coat. They have lovely curls as puppies, but as they get older, they evolve into long, feltlike cords that resemble mop threads. To avoid matting and to remove debris or dirt, the cables must be separated on a regular basis. Twice a year, the undercoat is shed. The cables must be physically separated at this point to avoid clumping together near the skin.

Weekly maintenance is also required to keep the cords clean. Hair from the ear canal should be plucked as needed, and the bottoms of the feet should be trimmed.

Komondor Dog Health

Although Komondor dog is typically healthy, they are susceptible to some illnesses. Here are some things to look out for in this breed:

  • Dysplasia of the Hips
  • Gastric Torsion (Bloat)
  • Entropion

The average life expectancy is 10 to 12 years.

 

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Dog fever is frequently unnoticed or undetected. The fact that dogs’ usual body temperature is normally higher than humans makes it difficult to detect fevers. Dogs’ normal body temperatures range from 101 to 102.5 degrees Fahrenheit. This means your dog may appear to you to be feverish even if its temperature is perfectly normal.

Dog fever is defined as a temperature of more than 103 F, though it can reach 103 if a dog is overly stimulated or agitated. Hyperthermia or heat stroke occurs when dogs experience high temperatures as a result of hot outdoor temperatures or excessive exercise in humid settings.

Dog fever affecting the dog
credit:allthingsdog.com

Causes of Dog Fever

A fever can develop in pets when their bodies decide to attack off infection or inflammation. Dog fever can be caused by a variety of illnesses and disorders. They can be internal or external and include the following:

  • An infection caused by bacteria, fungi, or viruses
  • Ear infection.
  • Vaccinations
  •  A bite, scratch, or cut that is infected
  • A tooth infection or abscess
  • A urinary tract infection
  • Ingestion of dangerous substances such as deadly plants, human pharmaceuticals, or dog-toxic human foods
  • Infection of organs such as the kidneys or lungs
  • Toxic human foods for dogs
  • Fever of Unknown Origin
  • Severe anxiety

Symptoms of Dog fever

There are several symptoms that may indicate illness and dog fever, yet there are no definitive signals. Because your dog can’t tell you when he has a fever, you should get familiar with the symptoms that suggest it.

The following are the most common warning signs:

  • Bloodshot eyes
  • Lethargy
  • Warm ears
  • Warm, dry nose
  • Shivering
  • Loss of appetite
  • Coughing
  • Vomiting
  • Depression
  • Low energy

Diagnosis of Dog fever

A history of the pet’s symptoms, any medications, recent events, and any allergies will be required by the veterinarian. Swollen lymph nodes, stomach swelling, joint discomfort, and other symptoms of infection or systemic abnormalities will be looked for during a physical examination.

Dog fever increases the body temperature
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A complete blood cell count, biochemistry profile, and urinalysis are all laboratory tests that can help determine the source of fever. These tests look at how the metabolic and endocrine systems work, and they can reveal infections or other causes of high body temperatures.

A thermometer will be required to determine your pet’s body temperature. Most pet retailers provide digital thermometers that are specifically suited for rectal usage. Human thermometers are not intended to accurately measure the greater body temperature of dogs.

To take the rectal temperature, lubricate the end with baby oil, vegetable oil, or petroleum jelly. 1 inch inside the anus, gently inserts the thermometer. Wait for the thermometer to indicate that it has completed its reading.

Treatment of Dog fever

If your dog has a fever of 103° F or higher, you can assist to lower his body temperature by applying cool water to his ears and paws with a damp towel or cloth, and running a fan near him. When your dog’s temperature falls below 103° F, stop applying water. Keep a watchful eye on your dog to make sure the fever doesn’t come back.

Dog fever makes the dog look weak
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To stay hydrated, try to convince your dog to drink little quantities of water, but don’t push your dog to drink. Human drugs like acetaminophen and ibuprofen should never be given to your dog. These drugs are toxic to dogs and can result in significant harm or death.

Hydration and electrolyte balance are aided by intravenous fluids. In order to treat an infection, antibiotics are administered. The underlying problem may necessitate the use of additional drugs and/or surgery in some circumstances.

Make sure to keep an eye on your pet’s temperature at home and notify your veterinarian if it rises above normal or does not respond to treatment. Follow the treatment and medication administration instructions to the letter.

 

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The Greater Swiss Mountain Canine is a dog breed that originated in Switzerland’s Alps. The Appenzeller, Entlebucher, and Bernese are the other three kinds of Sennenhunde, or Swiss Mountain Dogs. The Greater Swiss Mountain Dog is the oldest and largest of the four types of Sennenhunde, or Swiss Mountain Dogs.

The word Sennenhund refers to dairymen and herders in the Swiss Alps who go by the name Senn or Senner. Greater Swiss Mountain Dogs are very certainly the result of indigenous canines mating with giant mastiff-type dogs introduced by foreign settlers to Switzerland.

The Greater Swiss Mountain Dog’s origin is unknown. For three centuries, beginning in 1515, the distant valleys of Switzerland were more or less cut off from the rest of the world. Inbreeding was used to develop certain dog breeds, and puppies were handed to neighbors and family members.

Greater Swiss Mountain Dog lying on the grass
credit:akc.org

There are various hypotheses about how the four Sennenhund breeds came to be. The most prevalent explanation claims that the dogs are descendants of the Molossus, a big mastiff-type dog that accompanied the Roman Legions on their over 2,000-year-old conquest of the Alps. The breed was developed as a draught dog to draw large carts, as a guard dog to guard and move dairy cattle, and as a family friend and watchdog.

Professor Heim noticed a magnificent short-haired dog entering a Bernese Mountain Dog competition in 1908. This year can be considered the birth year of the Greater Swiss. Because of its resemblance to the sturdy Swiss butcher’s dogs he had also seen, he classified the dog as a separate breed and named it the Greater Swiss.

The popularity of the breed rose slowly, and it was further hampered by two world wars. The Greater Swiss arrived in America in 1968, with the first litter born in 1970. The breed was accepted into the AKC Miscellaneous class in 1985, and full recognition was granted in 1995.

Greater Swiss Mountain Dog Body description

The Greater Swiss Mountain Dog is a draft dog with a lot of muscle. This breed is significantly longer than tall and is large and powerful. Their eyes are almond-shaped, hazel to chestnut in hue (dark brown is recommended), medium in size, and neither deep set nor projecting. The skull is large and flat, with a little halt in the middle.

Greater Swiss Mountain Dog standing at the backyard during playing time
credit:petfinder.com

It has a big, blunt, and straight muzzle. At the shoulder, males range from 25.5 to 28.5 inches (65 to 72 cm) and females from 23.5 to 27 inches (60 to 69 cm).   The Greater Swiss Mountain Dog has no normal weight; males weigh 90 to 140 lb and females weigh 80 to 110 lb.

The outer layer of the double coat is dense and measures about 1.25 to 2 inches long. The topcoat can have a variety of textures, ranging from short, straight, and fine to longer, wavier, and coarser. The undercoat is thick and varies in color from dark gray to light gray to tawny. It must be on the neck, but with such a thick coat, it can be anywhere on the body.

Greater Swiss Mountain Dog Behavior

  • The Greater Swiss Mountain Dog is a devoted family companion who is sensitive, loyal, and intelligent.
  • This breed is calm and easygoing, and it is nice with children and other pets.
  • The dog, on the other hand, is territorial, alert, bold, and watchful. Happy and outgoing, with a deep liking for people and children.
  • This breed is outgoing, energetic, peaceful, and dignified.
  • While the breed does require exercise, it does not necessitate a large space. The breed prefers to stay near its owners, rarely wandering too far without checking in. They will not be content living in a kennel; they want to spend time with their family. They want to be noticed and touched.
  • Greater Swiss Mountain Dogs are eager to please and are courageous, loyal, and enthusiastic workers.

The Greater Swiss Mountain Dog is a good watchdog because it is alert and vigilant. They have a proclivity for noticing everything in their environment and are ready to raise an alarm. When confronted with a threat, they will stay firm and put on a show to scare individuals who are unfamiliar with the dog. A non-threatening stranger is tolerated by Greater Swiss Mountain Dogs.

They are confident and at ease in unexpected environments, and they remain calm in the presence of strange noises and strangers. They are not aggressive toward other dogs or species, and they do not bite.

Training of the Greater Swiss Mountain Dog

Because they grow to be so enormous when fully grown, it’s critical to begin obedience training and socialization early in order to teach the dog to be friendly with other dogs and people. And be prepared for a long puppyhood: the dog is slow to mature, both physically and intellectually, and can remain puppyish until the age of three.

Obedience training can provide them with the mental stimulation they require and is necessary when dealing with a dog of this size. When they’re young, kids need early socialization and exposure to a variety of people, sights, noises, and experiences. Socialization is important in ensuring that your puppy develops into a well-rounded dog.

Greater Swiss Mountain Dog
credit:

Caring for the Greater Swiss Mountain Dog

Greater Swiss Mountain Dogs breed enjoys the outdoors, especially in cold weather, as befits a dog with working ancestors. The dog requires regular exercise, such as a long walk or vigorous play, and enjoys pulling in particular. Because this is a huge, working dog, they want plenty of space to run around in, therefore a house with a large, securely fenced yard is ideal. They only require a moderate level of activity, however.

This breed is a perfect choice for cold areas because of its Swiss origin, and they like romping in the snow. On the other hand, they are prone to heatstroke. When it’s hot outside, don’t let them exercise vigorously; instead, make sure they have enough shade and, of course, lots of drink. The short coat is easy to care for, and the breed is naturally tidy, so grooming a Swiss isn’t difficult. Brushing once or twice a week, with a bath once or twice a month, or as needed.

Greater Swiss Mountain Dog – Health

Greater Swiss Mountain Dogs are a generally healthy breed for their size; they have considerably fewer health issues than more populous breeds in the same size range. Some of the diseases that dogs are prone to include idiopathic epilepsy, gastric dilatation-volvulus (GDV), often known as bloat, urinary incontinence, and canine hip dysplasia (CHD). The average life expectancy is 10 to 12 years.

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